World Water Day: 2017 Theme- Why Waste Water?
World Water Day is celebrated every year, on 22nd March. By raising awareness regarding water-related problems and driving people to take action and make a difference is what the motive is.
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Water is essentially important for human survival and completely linked with the health of the environment as well as the economy. Despite its significance, around 80% of the wastewater gathered by society is put back into the ecosystem without its reuse or treatment. This not only harms and pollutes the environment, but is hazardous to the life of billions of people across the world. This year’s theme on World Water Day is Wastewater, the reason behind is to encourage individuals and various communities to limit and safely recycle the rising quantities of wastewater that gets produced.
The human costs of untreated wastewater are disastrous. At present, 1.8 billion people are dependent on a source of drinking water which is being contaminated with waste, which leaves it exposed to numerous water-borne illnesses. Water insecurity poses a significant challenge towards agriculture, aggravating issues of hunger and malnutrition. Water even affects operation in industries and economy, as nearly all jobs depend on the availability of and access to clean & safe water.
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The global community, because of all these reasons, has committed to achieve the universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water by the year 2030 which is also the part of Sustainable Development Goals. The main aim of the sustainable development goals is to improve the quality of water by limiting pollution so that the proportion of untreated wastewater gets down to 50% and recycling gets increased substantially on a global level.
The ability to achieve this development goal will get increased through striving for water quality improvement, affordable and clean energy, sustainable communities and health of our ecosystems above and below the water.
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Wastewater resources provides for an amazing opportunity. Safely managed wastewater is a sustainable and affordable source of water, nutrients and energy. For instance, farmers are very much interested in recycling the wastewater as it is a source both for irrigation and recycled nutrients. This also helps in improving food security and nutrition value for families of poor. Effective wastewater management improves not only the lives and the environment but also makes economic sense which builds new opportunities for businesses and jobs which are environment friendly and long term.